A Herbal Extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a herbal raw material, often by using a solvent such as methanol or water. The process of Herbal Extraction is usually designed to maximise a certain portion of the original chemical compounds found in the plant, many of which have a therapeutic action. Herbal extract is a liquid solution of herbs and alcohol. The dried or fresh herbs are combined with alcohol, then the solid matter is removed leaving only the oils of the herbs mixed with the alcohol. This process is called extraction, hence the name, herbal extract. For example an extract made from peppermint and alcohol would be called "peppermint extract.
The typical chemicals found in the extracts includeVitamins, Proteins, Amino acids, Enzymes, Carbohydrates, Fatty acids, Phospholipids, Flavonoids, Polyphenols, Carotenoids, Retinoids & Alpha Hydroxy Acids. There may also be mineral ions like potassium, magnesium, calcium or others found in the extract.
Herbal extracts can be made up of dozens or even hundreds of different ingredients. This complexity is great for finding different materials that might be beneficial for people. Plant extracts and natural substances have been formulated into cosmetic products, according to the Ayurvedic system, not only for the daily care of the skin and hair, but also for the treatment of many problems. There are so many herbal extracts that are used in Skin care & Hair Care.